Dog Science Project

A dog is made up of hundreds of billions of cells. All but the red blood cells contain a nuclei. Inside a nuclei are 38 pairs of chromosomes. These were formed when 38 individual chromosomes from each parent joined during conception. Every single cell in a dog’s body contains chromosomes made from DNA.

Now, a chromosome is made up of thousands of genes. Genes define traits and characteristics that an individual will possess. The term "canine genome" refers to all of the genes found in the canine. There could be 20,000 or 200,000 canine genes. Only a few hundred have been identified. This identification of genes is at the very frontier of science.

You might be able to help identify some of these genes so that scientists can learn more about dogs.

Scientists at the Canine Genone Project at the National Institute of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, USA believe that some diseases in certain dogs occur as a result of inbreeding. They’re trying to reduce this, as well as understand the general pattern of disease across breeds.

You can help if you have a purebred, registered dog, or if you know someone who does. These scientists are requesting cheek swabs or blood samples from the list of breeds below. In the other list, the scientists need samples from at least twelve unrelated breeds. For the dogs with an asterisk after their name, they may require twenty to fifty samples from each breed.

If you are interested in having your dog participate in the research studies, please send an email inquiry to: dog_genome@mail.nih.gov. Please provide your name, your dog's registered name, your dog's breed, any diagnosed diseases your dog has, age of your dog, and the best way to contact you.

AKC Registered breeds needed:

Afghan Hound*

American Eskimo Dog*

American Pit Bull Terrier

American Staffordshire Terrier

Bernese Mountain Dog*

Bichon Frise

Black and Tan Coonhound

Bloodhound

Border Collie

Borzoi

Boston Terrier

Boxer

Brittany

Brussels Griffon*

Bull Terrier

Bulldog

Bullmastiff

Cairn Terrier

Cardigan Welsh Corgi*

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Chihuahua

Chinese Shar-Pei

Chow Chow

Cocker Spaniel

Collie

Dachshund (all varieties)*

Dalmatian

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

English Cocker Spaniel*

English Springer Spaniel*

Flat-coated Retriever*

Fox Terrier (Wire)

French Bulldog

German Shepherd Dog

German Shorthaired Pointer

Giant Schnauzer*

Golden Retriever

Gordon Setter*

Great Dane

Greyhound*

Ibizan Hound

Italian Greyhound

Jack Russell Terrier

Japanese Chin*

Maltese

Manchester Terrier

Mastiff

Miniature Bull Terrier

Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Schnauzer

Newfoundland

Norwich Terrier

Papillon

Pekingese*

Pembroke Welsh Corgi*

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen*

Pharaoh Hound*

Pomeranian

Poodle (all varieties)*

Pug

Redbone Coonhound

Rottweiler

Saint Bernard

Saluki

Samoyed

Scottish Deerhound

Scottish Terrier*

Shetland Sheepdog

Shih Tzu

Siberian Husky

Standard Schnauzer

Sussex Spaniel

Weimaraner

West Highland White Terrier*

Yorkshire Terrier

Basset Hound

Bernese Mountain Dog

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Doberman Pinscher

Golden Retriever

Irish Wolfhound

Labrador Retriever

Newfoundland

Poodle, Standard

Poodle, Toy

Portuguese Water Dog

Rottweiler

Scottish Terrier

West Highland White Terrier

Whippet

Foundation Stock Service Breeds needed:

American English Coonhound

Appenzeller Sennenhunde

Argentine Dogo

Azawakh

Belgian Laekenois

Bergamasco

Bluetick Coonhound

Bolognese

Boykin Spaniel

Bracco Italiano

Cane Corso

Catahoula Leopard Dog

Caucasian Mountain Dog

Central Asian Shepherd Dog

Chinook

Coton de Tulear

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

Dogue de Bordeaux

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Estrela Mountain Dog

Finnish Lapphund

German Spitz

Icelandic Sheepdog

Kai Ken

Kooikerhondje

Lagotto Romagnolo

Mudi

Norwegian Buhund

Norwegian Lundehund

Peruvian Inca Orchid

Portuguese Podengo

Pumi

Pyrenean Shepherd

Rafeiro do Alentejo

Rat Terrier

Sloughi

Stabyhoun

Thai Ridgeback

Tosa

Treeing Tennessee Brindle

Treeing Walker Coonhound